Monday, October 24, 2011

Psalm 22: Latin learning Hints Part A - vocab and grammar

As promised, a list of key vocab to learn for this week, if you want to get ahead with this psalm!

Words from last week…

Before looking at this week’s new vocabulary, it is worth picking out the words looked at in Psalm 3. So here are the first five verses of Psalm 22 with key words you should know from Psalm 3 bolded:

Dominus (The Lord) regit me (me), et (and) nihil mihi (to me) deerit: in loco pascuæ, ibi me collocavit. Super aquam refectionis educavit me; animam (soul) meam (my) convertit. Deduxit me super semitas justitiæ propter nomen (name) suum (his). Nam etsi ambulavero in medio umbræ mortis, non (not) timebo (=timeo, timere, timui to fear) mala, quoniam (for/because) tu (you) mecum es (you are). Virga tua, et baculus tuus, ipsa me consolata sunt.

Frequently used words for this week…

And here is a list of very frequently words that are used in this week’s verses, so well worth learning carefully:

ambulo, avi, atum, are to walk; the manner in which one orders one's life;
converto, verti, versum, ere 3, to turn, change; quicken, refresh; bring back; convert, turn from sin;
rego, rexi, rectum, ere 3 to rule, govern, as a shepherd; to lead, guide; to rule..
colloco, avi, atum, are to set, place, put; to lie down, to rest.
educo, duxi, ductum, ere 3, to lead out or forth.
deduco, duxi ductum, ere 3, to lead or bring down; guide, lead, conduct

locus, i, m. a place.
pascua, ae, f. lit., a pasture, grass land for cattle to feed upon
aqua, ae, f., water
semita, ae, f, a path, way; course of life, action, conduct, or procedure.
justitia, ae, /. justice, righteousness, innocence, piety, moral integrity
umbra, ae, /., a shadow, a shelter, cover, protection
mors, mortis, /., death

malus, a, um, adj., bad, evil, wicked; grievous, sore, severe; subst., malum, i, n., evil, sin; woe, harm, misfortune


For those looking at the Simplicissimus course, Unit 3 looks at present tense verbs in the passive voice, as well as deponents (verbs that look like they are passive, but are actually active). There are, I’m afraid, no examples of present tense passives or deponents in the psalm but there is a deponent verb to look out for this week, namely consolor: Virga tua, et baculus tuus, ipsa me consolata sunt (they consoled/comforted).

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